Government Structure


The Commonwealth of Kentucky

Legislative Branch

Senate of the Commonwealth of Kentucky

Speaker of the Senate (Lt. Governor)
Speaker pro-tempore (Senator elected by peers in absense of Lt. Gov.)
Senators (38)

Committees:
Agriculture and Manufacturers
Circuit Courts
Codes of Practice
County Courts
Court of Appeals
Educations
Executive Affairs
Federal Relations
Finance
Geological Survey
Internal Improvement
Judiciary
Military Affairs
Penitentiary
Privilege and Elections
Propositions and Grievances
Public Buildings
Religion
Revised Statutes
Sinking Fund
Special Committees (single issue, as necessary)

Officers (non-Senators):
Clerk
Asst. Clerk
Secretary
Asst. Secretary
Sergeant-at-Arms
Doorkeeper

Joint Committees (Senate and House):
Banks
Enrollments
Library
Public Offices
Privilege and Elections

House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Kentucky

Speaker of the House (Representative, elected by peers)
Representatives (100)

Committees:
Propositions and Grievances
Privileges and Elections
Claims
Judiciary
Religion
Ways and Means
Internal Improvement
Education
Military Affairs
Expenditures of the Board of Internal Improvement
Penitentiary
Agriculture and Manufactures
Sinking Fund
Banks
Library
Printing
Public Offices
Federal Relations
Court of Appeals
Circuit Courts
County Courts
Revised Statutes
Codes of Practice
Enrollments
Corporate Institutions
Retrenchment and Reform
Special Committees (single issue, as necessary)

Officers (non-Representatives):
Clerk
Asst. Clerk
Sergeant-at-Arms
Doorkeeper

Executive Branch

Governor

Lt. Governor (position not always filled during the Civil War)

Secretary of State

  • Asst. Secretary of State

Adjutant General

  • Inspector General
    • Active (KSG) Officers
    • State Staff
    • Regimental Commanders and Staff
    • Battalion Commanders
    • Company Commanders
  • Quartermaster General

Constitutional Officers:
Attorney General

Treasurer

  • Clerk

Auditor of Public Accounts

  • Asst. Auditor
    • Clerks (~7)
  • County Agents (105)

Registrar of Land Office

  • Clerk(s)

Superintendent of Public Instruction

  • Board of Education (3)
  • County Commissioners (105)

State Librarian

Public Printer

Keeper of State Penitentiary

President of Board of Internal Improvements

  • Auditor of Public Accounts (ex-officio)
  • At large members (appointed by governor)

Judicial Branch

Kentucky Court of Appeals

Justices:

  • 1 Chief Justice, rotating member with shortest term
  • 3 Associate Justices (regionally elected, 8 year terms)

Clerk(s):

  • 1 elected statewide, 8 year term
  • 1 or more optional clerks if legislature deems necessary to hold court in an individual district(s). Elected by district, 8 year term

Reporter

Circuit Courts

14 districts (or more) statewide, 16 district limit

1 Circuit Judge per district

  • Elected to 6 year term
  • 2/3 legislative vote to remove

Circuit Court Clerk

  • 1 per county, 6 year term
  • Elected by county, certified by Court of Appeals

Commonwealth’s Attorneys

  • 1 per district
  • 6 year term
  • Must be practicing attorney for 2 years
  • Elected by district

County Courts

Cities with spate representation in the House (only Louisville during the war) can establish independent courts with parallel function with County Courts. These city courts contain their own slate of court officers, judges, as County Courts.

Judges

  • 1 Presiding judge
  • 2 Associate judges
  • Elected to 4 year terms
  • Can be abolished by legislature & replaced by any or all Justices of the Peace

County Court Clerk

  • Elected to 4 year terms
  • Certified by Circuit Court

County Officers:

Sheriff

  • 2 year terms, limited to 2 successive terms, then must skip 1 as sheriff and/or deputy

Coroner

Surveyor

Jailor

County Assessor

  • 4 year term, assistants as needed

County Attorney

  • Must be practicing attorney for 2 years

Constables

  • 1 elected by each Justice of the Peace district, 2 year term, countywide jurisdiction

Districts within Counties

  • As many as deemed necessary

2 Justices of the Peace per district

  • Elected by district to 4 year terms
  • Countywide jurisdiction

City Courts, “Police Courts”

In Lexington, Louisville, and other cities or towns which may find them necessary

Judges

Clerks

Marshalls

  • All elected for same terms as corresponding County Court positions
  • May invest power in Mayors, Police Judges, and Trustees of towns if deemed necessary by Legislature

Chancery Court
In Louisville, Paducah, and Franklin

Chancellor

Clerk

Marshall

  • See Kentucky Constitution, Article 4, subsection 40